VIRTUAL SCREENING OF GINKGO BILOBA FOR THERAPEUTIC POTENTIALS AGAINST PARKINSON’S DISEASE
- Virtual Screening, Molecular Docking, Auto Dock, Ginkgo biloba, Phytonutrients.
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder that affects 2% of the population older than 60 years. Monoamine Oxidase B (MAO-B) inhibitors improve the symptoms of Parkinson's disease and can delay the progress. Inhibition of MAO-B, further prevent breakdown of dopamine in the brain and reduce
the motor symptoms associated with PD. Ginkgo biloba has a number of therapeutic properties and contains phytonutrients that helps in improvement of neurological disorders. In present study, phytonutrients of Ginkgo biloba namely Myricetin, Quercetin, Isorhamnetin, Kaempferol, Ginkgolides A-C, and Ginkgolide J were selected for Molecular docking against Monoamine Oxidase-B enzyme. The Molecular Docking studies were performed using Autodock 4.2 and interaction between MAO-B and compounds were analyzed. The efficiency of the compound was screened based on the binding energy existing between the protein and inhibitor. The docking studies show that the phytochemicals of Ginkgo biloba against MAO-B were quite effective. The potential compound can be subjected to further clinical trials and can be an alternative in the future treatment of Parkinson’s disease.