PRELIMINARY PHYTOCHEMICAL STUDIES OF SELECTED MEDICINAL PLANT PACHYGONE OVATA (POER.) HOOK.F. & THOMS FROM MENISPERMACEAE FAMILY FOR BIOACTIVE CONSTITUENTS
- Pachygone ovata (Poer.) Hook.F. & Thoms, Endemic, Western ghats and preliminary phytochemical screening
The present study deals with the phytochemical examination of Pachygone ovata (Poer.) Hook.f.& Thoms., an important medicinal plant from menispermaceae family. Leaf and Stem extracts were prepared by using different solvents systems and phytochemical screening was performed using the standard methods given by Harborne. Leaf and stem extracts were prepared from aqueous and organic solvents like petroleum ether, acetone, ethyl acetate and ethanol. Qualitative phytochemical analysis of the petroleum ether, acetone,ethyl acetate, ethanol and aqueous extracts prepared from P. ovata leaf and stem part. Leaf part revealed the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, glycosides, cardiac glycosides, phenols and tannins. Stem part revealed the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, glycosides, Resin, Steroids, phenols and tannins. The ethanolic extract showed higher amount of secondary metabolites than the other solvent extracts. This observation becomes important in the context of the therapeutically and drug applications of P. ovata.